First of all, parents must know that when people are in a normal state of immunity, it is very rare to get zoonotic diseases (i.e., diseases that can be transmitted between humans and animals) through contact with pets. The purpose of the article, “Some dangerous diseases can be trans from pets to humans,” is to help parents better protect their own and their families’ health.
What are zoonotic diseases?
In fact, some of these dangerous diseases can be trans from pets to companions can be effectively prevented if parents pay attention to checking the dog’s health, controlling behavior when going out for a walk, and living in a healthy environment. personal hygiene habits that are clean
Roundworms are a common and dangerous disease that can be transmitted from pets to humans.Dogs have a roundworm that can be transmitted to humans, Toxocara canis, which is more common in the United States. Roundworms are usually present in feces as eggs, reach the infectious stage after 1–3 weeks of incubation, and can survive in the environment for several months.
Humans are usually infected by fertilized roundworm eggs, and the mode of transmission is by fecal-oral transmission (i.e., infected dogs excrete and shed eggs in feces; eggs enter humans through the environment). polluted). food. And infected. Earthworms, flies, or cockroaches will also attach fertilized roundworm eggs to the dog’s skin.
Dogs infected with Toxocara canis show weight loss and other unusual signs on physical examination; human infections show larval migration in internal organs and central nervous system disease (CNS disease).
You can read more: Why should puppies be dewormed at two weeks of age?
Some of the most dangerous diseases that can be transmitted from pets to humans are tapeworms. It includes Dipylidium canis, Echinococcus granulosus, and Echinococcus multilocularis, all of which are zoonotic diseases.
Tapeworms are also fecal-oral infections, and in dogs, they are subclinical (i.e., asymptomatic). In humans, children are susceptible to the Dipyrella infection, which manifests mainly as diarrhea and anal itching. Usually, tight control of fleas is effective in avoiding the incidence of diplodococcal infections.
Currently, there are quite a few deworming drugs for 2-week-old dogs, including:
- Elanco Quad Deworming Tablets are for dogs from 2 to 25 lbs.
- HomeoPet WM Clear Drops
- Sentry HC WormX Plus Flavored Dog Deworming Chew
- Iverhart Max Soft Chews are designed for dogs weighing 50 to 100 pounds.
Some dangerous diseases that can be transmitted from pets to humans are also caused by Giardia. It is a type of flagellum that infects dogs and can also be transmitted to humans through the fecal-oral route. Both dogs and humans have clinical symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting.
Microorganisms such as Salmonella, E. coli, and Helicobacter that can infect dogs can also infect humans. spread mainly through feces (fecal-oral route).
Some dangerous diseases that can be transmitted from pets to humans are caused by fungi. Most fungi that infect dogs can be transmitted to humans. Therefore, if a dog develops a skin disease, it needs to be examined and treated promptly to determine the type of pathogen. Parents also need to pay attention to limit touching the dog’s diseased parts and disinfect personally.
How can we effectively prevent dogs from spreading diseases from animals to people in the family?
Prevention is better than cure. While it seems that dogs can carry all sorts of zoonotic diseases, they can be effectively prevented through some formal precautions. Here are some suggestions for parents in the process of preventing some dangerous diseases that can be transmitted from pets to people:
If you have a newly adopted adult dog, take it to a pet hospital first for a complete physical exam to make sure there are no arthropod parasites (skin testing can confirm this).
If there is an immunocompromised relative (such as someone with AIDS or a tumor, a suppressive disease, or an immunodeficiency) at home, they should be isolated with the new dog and then removed after confirming that the dog is normal.
Pets should have a comprehensive physical exam (including a fecal examination) every year.
Do not give your dog unclean water to drink; preferably, give him boiled water (boiled water can kill most viruses, bacteria, and parasites).
Dogs that go to the bathroom outside must be collected in time, and at the same time, dogs must not smell or lick other dogs’ feces.
Parents should wash their hands after approaching the dog, especially before eating. When going out, parents should not arbitrarily touch strange dogs.
Strict deworming can avoid many vectors or vectors that transmit diseases from animals to humans (parents with knowledge about dog deworming can refer to: “Deworming dogs properly: Have you grasped these points yet?”
Flies and cockroaches in the house need to be handled and destroyed as soon as possible; they are also the vectors of many diseases.
In addition, for pregnant women, if the above points are ensured and the dog’s health is checked normally, they can live with peace of mind.
The above article has helped people learn about some dangerous diseases that can be transmitted from pets to humans. I hope everyone has the necessary information to prevent disease effectively.
You can refer to more knowledge about pet dog care here: Dogs care